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Biochimie 2023 Jul 01;210:22-34. doi: 10.1016/j.biochi.2023.01.001.
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Cardiac microRNA expression profile in response to estivation.

Naranjo M , Breedon SA , Storey KB .

Couch's spadefoot toad (Scaphiopus couchii) spends most of the year underground in a hypometabolic state known as estivation. During this time, they overcome significant dehydration and lack of food through many mechanisms including employing metabolic rate depression (MRD), increasing urea concentration, switching to lipid oxidation as the primary energy source, and decreasing their breathing and heart rate. MicroRNA (miRNA) are known to regulate translation by targeting messenger RNA (mRNA) for degradation or temporary storage, with several studies having reported that miRNA is differentially expressed during MRD, including estivation. Thus, we hypothesized that miRNA would be involved in gene regulation during estivation in S. couchii heart. Next-generation sequencing and bioinformatic analyses were used to assess changes in miRNA expression in response to two-month estivation and to predict the downstream effects of this expression. KEGG and GO analyses indicated that ribosome and cardiac muscle contraction are among the pathways predicted to be upregulated, whereas cell signaling and fatty acid metabolism were predicted to be downregulated. Together these results suggest that miRNAs contribute to the regulation of gene expression related to cardiac muscle physiology and energy metabolism during estivation.

PubMed ID: 36627041
Article link: Biochimie

GO keywords: ribosome [+]

Article Images: [+] show captions