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Cryobiology 2023 Mar 01;110:44-48. doi: 10.1016/j.cryobiol.2022.12.018.
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Role of FOXO transcription factors in the tolerance of whole-body freezing in the wood frog, Rana sylvatica.

Rehman S , Hadj-Moussa H , Hawkins L , Storey KB .

The wood frog (Rana Sylvatica) can endure the sub-zero temperatures of winter by freezing up to 65% of total body water as extracellular ice and retreating into a prolonged hypometabolic state. Freeze survival requires the coordination of various adaptations, including a global suppression of metabolic functions and select activation of pro-survival genes. Transcription factors playing roles in metabolism, stress tolerance, and cell proliferation may assist in making survival in a frozen state possible. In this study, the role of Forkhead box 'other' (FOXO) transcription factors in freeze tolerance, and related changes to the insulin pathway, are investigated. Immunoblotting was used to assess total and phosphorylated amounts of FOXO proteins in wood frogs subjected to freezing for 24 h and thawed recovery for 8 h. Levels of active FOXO3 increased in brain, kidney, and liver during freezing and thawing, suggesting a need to maintain or enhance antioxidant defenses under these stresses. Results implicate FOXO involvement in the metabolic regulation of natural freeze tolerance.

PubMed ID: 36539050
Article link: Cryobiology

Genes referenced: foxo3 ins