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J Comp Neurol 2002 Dec 02;4541:42-57. doi: 10.1002/cne.10428.
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Tyrosine hydroxylase-immunoreactive interneurons in the olfactory bulb of the frogs Rana pipiens and Xenopus laevis.

Boyd JD , Delaney KR .

We studied tyrosine hydroxylase (TH)-immunoreactive neurons and neuropil in the olfactory bulb of the leopard frog, Rana pipiens, and in the clawed frog, Xenopus laevis. In both frogs, TH processes in the main olfactory bulb showed a trilaminar organization, with a densely stained external glomerular layer (GL), a moderately stained middle mitral cell layer (MCL), and internally a weakly stained internal plexiform layer (IPL) and granule cell layer (GRL). TH-positive cells in the MCL and IPL could be divided into two types. Type 1 cells had one or two thick dendrites that arborized within glomeruli in the GL and often had a thin "axon-like" process that exited the cell on the internal surface, with a recurrent collateral that ascended into the GL. Type 2 cells had beaded dendrites arborizing in the MCL and no discernible axons. Both type 1 and type 2 cells were numerous in the MCL and IPL of Rana, whereas only type 2 cells were common in the MCL and IPL of Xenopus. In the GL, labeled cells were numerous in Xenopus but rare in Rana. Mitral cells were stained retrogradely by tracer injection into the lateral olfactory tract and by local injection into the bulb. In no case was double labeling for TH observed, suggesting that TH-positive cells in frog olfactory bulb are likely to be interneurons. Double labeling with an anti-gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) antibody showed that the TH-positive cells formed a population separate from the GABA-containing interneurons.

PubMed ID: 12410617
Article link: J Comp Neurol

Species referenced: Xenopus laevis
Genes referenced: fh th

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