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XB-ART-7236
J Cell Sci 2002 May 15;115Pt 10:2011-20. doi: 10.1242/jcs.115.10.2011.
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Heat shock induces mini-Cajal bodies in the Xenopus germinal vesicle.

Handwerger KE , Wu Z , Murphy C , Gall JG .


Abstract
Cajal bodies are evolutionarily conserved nuclear organelles that are believed to play a central role in assembly of RNA transcription and processing complexes. Although knowledge of Cajal body composition and behavior has greatly expanded in recent years, little is known about the molecules and mechanisms that lead to the formation of these organelles in the nucleus. The Xenopus oocyte nucleus or germinal vesicle is an excellent model system for the study of Cajal bodies, because it is easy to manipulate and it contains 50-100 Cajal bodies with diameters up to 10 microm. In this study we show that numerous mini-Cajal bodies (less than 2 microm in diameter) form in the germinal vesicle after oocytes recover from heat shock. The mechanism for heat shock induction of mini-Cajal bodies is independent of U7 snRNA and does not require transcription or import of newly translated proteins from the cytoplasm. We suggest that Cajal bodies originate by self-organization of preformed components, preferentially on the surface of B-snurposomes.

PubMed ID: 11973343
Article link: J Cell Sci


Species referenced: Xenopus laevis
Antibodies: Fbl Ab3