Click here to close Hello! We notice that you are using Internet Explorer, which is not supported by Xenbase and may cause the site to display incorrectly. We suggest using a current version of Chrome, FireFox, or Safari.
XB-ART-7325
J Neurochem 2002 Mar 01;805:736-45. doi: 10.1046/j.0022-3042.2002.00767.x.
Show Gene links Show Anatomy links

Molecular determinants for the differential coupling of Galpha(16) to the melatonin MT1, MT2 and Xenopus Mel1c receptors.

Lai FP , Mody SM , Yung LY , Kam JY , Pang CS , Pang SF , Wong YH .


Abstract
The pineal neurohormone melatonin modulates a variety of physiological processes through different receptors. It has recently been reported that the cloned melatonin receptors (MT1, MT2 and Mel1c) exhibit differential abilities to stimulate phospholipase C (PLC) via G(16). Here we examined the molecular basis of such differences in melatonin receptor signaling. Coexpression of MT1 or MT2 with the alpha subunit of G(16) (Galpha(16) ) allowed COS-7 cells to accumulate inositol phosphates in response to 2-iodomelatonin. In contrast, Mel1c did not activate Galpha(16) even though its expression was demonstrated by radioligand binding and agonist-induced inhibition of adenylyl cyclase. As Mel1c possesses an exceptionally large C-terminal tail, we further asked if this structural feature prevented productive coupling to Galpha(16). Eleven chimeric melatonin or mutant receptors were constructed by swapping all or part of the C-terminal tail between MT1, MT2 and Mel1c. All chimeras were fully capable of binding 2-[(125) I]iodomelatonin and inhibiting adenylyl cyclase. Chimeras containing the full-length Mel1c tail were incapable of activating Galpha(16), while those that contained the complete C-terminal region of either MT1 or MT2 stimulated PLC. Incorporation of the extra portion of the C-terminal tail of Mel1c to either MT1 or MT2 completely abolished the chimeras' ability to stimulate PLC via Galpha(16). In contrast, truncation of the C-terminal tail of Mel1c allowed interaction with Galpha(16). Our results suggest that Galpha(16) can discern structural differences amid the three melatonin receptors and provide evidence for functional distinction of Mel1c from MT1 and MT2 receptors.

PubMed ID: 11948236
Article link: J Neurochem


Species referenced: Xenopus
Genes referenced: mt4 mtnr1a mtnr1b mtnr1c suclg1