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Am J Physiol Renal Physiol 2001 Jun 01;2806:F1030-6. doi: 10.1152/ajprenal.2001.280.6.F1030.
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In vitro phosphorylation of COOH termini of the epithelial Na(+) channel and its effects on channel activity in Xenopus oocytes.

Chigaev A , Lu G , Shi H , Asher C , Xu R , Latter H , Seger R , Garty H , Reuveny E .

Recent findings have suggested the involvement of protein phosphorylation in the regulation of the epithelial Na(+) channel (ENaC). This study reports the in vitro phosphorylation of the COOH termini of ENaC subunits expressed as glutathione S-transferase fusion proteins. Channel subunits were specifically phosphorylated by kinase-enriched cytosolic fractions derived from rat colon. The phosphorylation observed was not mediated by the serum- and glucocorticoid-regulated kinase sgk. For the gamma-subunit, phosphorylation occurred on a single, well-conserved threonine residue located in the immediate vicinity of the PY motif (T630). The analogous residue on beta(S620) was phosphorylated as well. The possible role of gammaT630 and betaS620 in channel function was studied in Xenopus laevis oocytes. Mutating these residues to alanine had no effect on the basal channel-mediated current. They do, however, inhibit the sgk-induced increase in channel activity but only in oocytes that were preincubated in low Na(+) and had a high basal Na(+) current. Thus mutating gammaT630 or betaS620 may limit the maximal channel activity achieved by a combination of sgk and low Na(+).

PubMed ID: 11352843
Article link: Am J Physiol Renal Physiol

Species referenced: Xenopus laevis
Genes referenced: sgk1