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J Biol Chem 2001 Apr 27;27617:13600-5. doi: 10.1074/jbc.M008373200.
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Identification of specific pore residues mediating KCNQ1 inactivation. A novel mechanism for long QT syndrome.

Seebohm G , Scherer CR , Busch AE , Lerche C .

KCNQ1 inactivation bears electrophysiological characteristics different from classical N- and C-type inactivation in Shaker-like potassium channels. However, the molecular site of KCNQ1 inactivation has not yet been determined. KCNQ2 channels do not exert a fast inactivation in contrast to KCNQ1 channels. By expressing functional chimeras between KCNQ1 and KCNQ2 in Xenopus oocytes, we mapped the region of this inactivation to transmembrane domain S5 and the pore loop H5 and finally narrowed down the site to positions Gly(272) and Val(307) in KCNQ1. Exchanging these two amino acids individually with the analogous KCNQ2 residue abolished inactivation. Furthermore, a KCNQ1-like inactivation was introduced into KCNQ2 by mutagenesis in the corresponding region, confirming its relevance for the inactivation process. As KCNQ1 inactivation involves the regions S5 and H5, it exhibits a geography distinct from N- or C-type inactivation. Native cardiac I(Ks) channels comprising KCNQ1 and accessory MinK subunits do not inactivate because of the functional interaction of KCNQ1 with MinK. Mutations in KCNQ1 can lead to long QT1 syndrome, an inherited form of arrhythmia. The long QT1 mutant KCNQ1(L273F) displays a pronounced KCNQ1 inactivation. Here we show that when expressing mutant I(Ks) channels formed from KCNQ1(L273F) and MinK, MinK association no longer eliminates KCNQ1 inactivation. This results in smaller repolarizing currents in the heart and therefore represents a novel mechanism leading to long QT syndrome.

PubMed ID: 11278406
Article link: J Biol Chem

Species referenced: Xenopus
Genes referenced: kcne1 kcnq1 kcnq2 mink1