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J Chem Neuroanat 2001 Jan 01;211:75-93. doi: 10.1016/s0891-0618(00)00111-3.
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Immunodetection of Parkin protein in vertebrate and invertebrate brains: a comparative study using specific antibodies.

Horowitz JM , Vernace VA , Myers J , Stachowiak MK , Hanlon DW , Fraley GS , Torres G .

Parkin is an intracellular protein that plays a significant role in the etiopathogenesis of autosomal recessive juvenile parkinsonism. Using immunoblot methods, we found Parkin isoforms varying from 54 to 58 kDa in rat, mouse, bird, frog and fruit-fly brains. Immunocytochemical studies carried out in rats, mice and birds demonstrated multiple cell types bearing the phenotype for Parkin throughout telencephalic, diencephalic, mesencephalic and metencephalic brain structures. While in some instances Parkin-containing neurons tended to be grouped into clusters, the majority of these labeled nerve cells were widely scattered throughout the neuraxis. The topographical distribution and organizational pattern of Parkin within major functional brain circuits was comparable in both rats and mice. However, the subcellular localization of Parkin was found to vary significantly as a function of antibody reactivity. A consistent cytoplasmic labeling for Parkin was observed in rodent tissue incubated with a polyclonal antibody raised against the human Parkin protein and having an identical amino-acid sequence with that of the rat. In contrast, rodent tissue alternately incubated with a polyclonal antibody raised against a different region of the same human Parkin protein but having 10 mismatched amino-acid sequence changes with those of the rat and mouse, resulted in nuclear labeling for Parkin in rat but not mouse neurons. This difference in epitope recognition, however, was reversed when mouse brain tissue was heated at 80 degrees C, apparently unmasking target epitopes against which the antisera were directed. Collectively, these results show a high degree of conservation in the cellular identity of Parkin in animals as different as drosophilids and mammals and points to the possibility that the biochemical specificities of Parkin, including analogous functional roles, may have been conserved during the course of evolution.

PubMed ID: 11173222
Article link: J Chem Neuroanat

Species referenced: Xenopus laevis
Genes referenced: pacrg