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XB-ART-9704
Dev Biol 2000 Apr 15;2202:168-82. doi: 10.1006/dbio.2000.9646.
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Primary neuronal differentiation in Xenopus embryos is linked to the beta(3) subunit of the sodium pump.

Messenger NJ , Warner AE .


Abstract
In amphibian embryos, activation of additional sodium pumps in neural plate cell membranes ensures that neural plate-derived neurons differentiate subsequently in the neural tube. When the sodium pump is inhibited during the mid-neural fold stages, neuronal differentiation fails. The effect is irreversible. We find that these events operate through the Na pump beta(3) subunit. When neural plate-specific Na pumps are activated, transcripts for beta(3) decline precipitately during the mid-neural fold stages, first in the neural plate and then in the dorsal mesoderm. As the neural tube closes, beta(3) returns, specifically in motor neurons and interneurons. Inhibition of the Na pump with the cardiac glycoside strophanthidin prevents the normal fall in beta(3) during neurulation: beta(3) is maintained in the neural plate until the neural tube closes, but lost from the dorsal mesoderm. Complete elimination of beta(3) transcripts from dorsal structures then occurs. Inhibiting the Na pump does not induce cell death (assessed by TUNEL staining) in the nervous system. Transcripts for X-Delta, NeuroD, and GSK3beta are not affected by inhibition of the Na pump. Xotch and N-tubulin transcripts fall to very low levels and Xotch disappears permanently from the nervous system. When beta(3) transcript expression is maintained throughout neurulation, by over expression of injected mRNAs, Xotch is eliminated from the neural tube and somites and switches to the ectoderm.

PubMed ID: 10753508
Article link: Dev Biol


Species referenced: Xenopus
Genes referenced: atp1b3 dll1 gsk3b igf2bp3 ncl neurod1 notch1 odc1 sst.1 tbx2 tubb2b


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