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RNA September 1, 2007; 13 (9): 1558-69.
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VICKZ proteins mediate cell migration via their RNA binding activity.

Oberman F , Rand K , Maizels Y , Rubinstein AM , Yisraeli JK .

The highly conserved, RNA binding VICKZ proteins help regulate RNA localization, stability, and translation in many eukaryotes. These proteins are also required for cell migration in embryos and cultured cells. In adults, many tumors overexpress VICKZ homologs, and it has been hypothesized that the proteins can mediate cell motility and invasion. How these proteins facilitate cell movement and, in particular, whether their ability to bind RNA plays a role in their function remain unclear. Using HPLC and mass spectrometry to identify a region of Xenopus Vg1 RBP (xVICKZ3) that binds the vegetal localization element of Vg1 RNA, we generated a deletion construct that functions in a dominant-negative manner. The construct associates with full-length xVICKZ3 and severely reduces binding to target RNAs. This dominant-negative construct phenocopies the effect of down-regulating xVICKZ3 in Xenopus embryos. A corresponding deletion in the human homolog hVICKZ1 similarly functions in a dominant-negative fashion to reduce the ability of full-length hVICKZ protein to bind RNA. Expression of the dominant-negative construct in human carcinoma cells inhibits cell movement by several criteria. We conclude that the ability of VICKZ proteins to mediate cell migration, in vitro and in vivo, requires their RNA binding activity.

PubMed ID: 17652133
PMC ID: PMC1950752
Article link: RNA

Species referenced: Xenopus laevis
Genes referenced: gdf1
Morpholinos: igf2bp3 MO1

References [+] :
Allison, Two distinct Staufen isoforms in Xenopus are vegetally localized during oogenesis. 2004, Pubmed, Xenbase