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XB-ART-37254
EMBO J February 20, 2008; 27 (4): 606-17.

WGEF activates Rho in the Wnt-PCP pathway and controls convergent extension in Xenopus gastrulation.



Abstract
The Wnt-PCP (planar cell polarity, PCP) pathway regulates cell polarity and convergent extension movements during axis formation in vertebrates by activation of Rho and Rac, leading to the re-organization of the actin cytoskeleton. Rho and Rac activation require guanine nucleotide-exchange factors (GEFs), but the identity of the GEF involved in Wnt-PCP-mediated convergent extension is unknown. Here we report the identification of the weak-similarity GEF (WGEF) gene by a microarray-based screen for notochord enriched genes, and show that WGEF is involved in Wnt-regulated convergent extension. Overexpression of WGEF activated RhoA and rescued the suppression of convergent extension by dominant-negative Wnt-11, whereas depletion of WGEF led to suppression of convergent extension that could be rescued by RhoA or Rho-associated kinase activation. WGEF protein preferentially localized at the plasma membrane, and Frizzled-7 induced colocalization of Dishevelled and WGEF. WGEF protein can bind to Dishevelled and Daam-1, and deletion of the Dishevelled-binding domain generates a hyperactive from of WGEF. These results indicate that WGEF is a component of the Wnt-PCP pathway that connects Dishevelled to Rho activation.

PubMed ID: 18256687
PMC ID: PMC2262038
Article link: EMBO J
Grant support: [+]

Species referenced: Xenopus laevis
Genes referenced: actl6a akt1 arhgef19 daam1 dvl2 fzd7 rac1 rho rho.2 rhoa wnt11b
Morpholinos: arhgef19 MO1 arhgef19 MO2

References [+] :
Asashima, Mesodermal induction in early amphibian embryos by activin A (erythroid differentiation factor). 2019, Pubmed, Xenbase