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Purinergic Signal 2010 Dec 01;64:429-45. doi: 10.1007/s11302-010-9207-6.
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Purinergic receptor-mediated Ca signaling in the olfactory bulb and the neurogenic area of the lateral ventricles.

Hassenklöver T , Schulz P , Peters A , Schwartz P , Schild D , Manzini I .

Like in other vertebrates, the anterior part of the telencephalon of amphibians mainly consists of the olfactory bulb (OB), but different from higher vertebrates, the lateral telencephalic ventricles of larval Xenopus laevis expand deep into the anterior telencephalon. The neurogenic periventricular zone (PVZ) of the lateral ventricles generates new OB neurons throughout the animal's lifetime. We investigated the ultrastructural organization of the PVZ and found that within a time period of 24 h, 42.54 ± 6.65% of all PVZ cells were actively proliferating. Functional purinergic receptors are widespread in the central nervous system and their activation has been associated with many critical physiological processes, including the regulation of cell proliferation. In the present study we identified and characterized the purinergic system of the OB and the PVZ. ATP and 2MeSATP induced strong [Ca(2+)](i) increases in cells of both regions, which could be attenuated by purinergic antagonists. However, a more thorough pharmacological investigation revealed clear differences between the two brain regions. Cells of the OB almost exclusively express ionotropic P2X purinergic receptor subtypes, whereas PVZ cells express both ionotropic P2X and metabotropic P1 and P2Y receptor subtypes. The P2X receptors expressed in the OB are evidently not involved in the immediate processing of olfactory information.

PubMed ID: 21437013
PMC ID: PMC3033506
Article link: Purinergic Signal

Species referenced: Xenopus laevis
Genes referenced: adm fh igf2bp3 p2rx4 p2rx7 pc.1

Article Images: [+] show captions
References [+] :
Abbracchio, Purinergic signalling in the nervous system: an overview. 2009, Pubmed