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Front Neuroanat 2022 Jan 01;16:914281. doi: 10.3389/fnana.2022.914281.
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Patterns of tubb2b Promoter-Driven Fluorescence in the Forebrain of Larval Xenopus laevis.

Daume D , Offner T , Hassenklöver T , Manzini I .

Microtubules are essential components of the cytoskeleton of all eukaryotic cells and consist of α- and β-tubulin heterodimers. Several tissue-specific isotypes of α- and β-tubulins, encoded by distinct genes, have been described in vertebrates. In the African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis), class II β-tubulin (tubb2b) is expressed exclusively in neurons, and its promoter is used to establish different transgenic frog lines. However, a thorough investigation of the expression pattern of tubb2b has not been carried out yet. In this study, we describe the expression of tubb2b-dependent Katushka fluorescence in the forebrain of premetamorphic Xenopus laevis at cellular resolution. To determine the exact location of Katushka-positive neurons in the forebrain nuclei and to verify the extent of neuronal Katushka expression, we used a transgenic frog line and performed several additional antibody stainings. We found tubb2b-dependent fluorescence throughout the Xenopus forebrain, but not in all neurons. In the olfactory bulb, tubb2b-dependent fluorescence is present in axonal projections from the olfactory epithelium, cells in the mitral cell layer, and fibers of the extrabulbar system, but not in interneurons. We also detected tubb2b-dependent fluorescence in parts of the basal ganglia, the amygdaloid complex, the pallium, the optic nerve, the preoptic area, and the hypothalamus. In the diencephalon, tubb2b-dependent fluorescence occurred mainly in the prethalamus and thalamus. As in the olfactory system, not all neurons of these forebrain regions exhibited tubb2b-dependent fluorescence. Together, our results present a detailed overview of the distribution of tubb2b-dependent fluorescence in neurons of the forebrain of larval Xenopus laevis and clearly show that tubb2b-dependent fluorescence cannot be used as a pan-neuronal marker.

PubMed ID: 35873659
Article link: Front Neuroanat

Species referenced: Xenopus laevis
Genes referenced: calb2 crygdl.43 fh pax6 pax7 tubb2b
GO keywords: forebrain neuron differentiation [+]
Antibodies: Calb2 Ab6 GFP Ab25 Pax7 Ab1 RFP Ab2 Th Ab1

Article Images: [+] show captions
References [+] :
Agetsuma, The habenula is crucial for experience-dependent modification of fear responses in zebrafish. 2010, Pubmed